Aside from the fact that no one seems certain how to pronounce it, the name “Mabon” is a poor choice for the holy day. As with “Lughnasadh”, the “Mabon” is only tenuously related to the season or the Neo-Pagan mythos relating to the season. Of all eight holidays, Mabon has the worst name of all of them.
The name originates with a Pagan-Craft Calendar which was published in 1970 by Aidan Kelly. It was picked up by the Green Egg newsletter and, consequently, became the Paganstandard. I have always found it curious that Kelly’s own tradition, NROOGD, did not adopt this name and instead called the fall equinox the “Rites of Eleusis”. Kelly as earned his place as an elder in the Pagan community, so I mean no disrespect to him. Nor do I mean in any way to diminish the significance of his contribution to the development of Neo-Paganism. However, Kelly himself was never one to favor adherence to tradition over religious innovation. So I think we honor him by questioning this choice of name for the fall equinox.
“Mabon” is a poor choice for a number of reasons. First, it is a Welsh name, in contrast to the other equinox and the two solstices, which have Anglo-Saxon names. Part of the challenge in naming the equinoxes is that there is little to no evidence that the Anglo-Saxons (or the Welsh for that matter) celebrated the equinoxes.
Second, the story of abduction of Mabon in the Mabinogion is a relatively obscure tale, not at all central to the Neo-Pagan mythos (compare the Descent of Ishtar or the myth of Demeter and Persephone for example), and only tangentially related to the Neo-Pagan celebration it so names. The autumn equinox has no real historical connection to the mythical Welsh figure, Mabon, son of Modron. Some Pagans have suggested that the name is appropriate due to the grieving of Modron for her lost son. But there are many more myths involving grief and lamentation which would be more familiar to Neopagans: Demeter, Isis, and Ishtar are examples of deities who are associated with lamentation motifs.
In my previous discussion on Lughnasadh, I suggested 3 steps for choosing an appropriate name for a Neopagan celebration: (1) Look to the season; (2) work out what the day means mythologically in relation to the season; and (3) choose a name for the day that fits the season and the myth.
Let’s start with the season: It’s the equinox, so (in the northern hemisphere) the days will just start becoming shorter than the nights. It’s the official beginning of fall in the U.S. Actual harvesting is going on here in the MIdwest (unlike 6 weeks earlier during Lughnasadh, the so-called “first harvest”). All those harvest associations we drew on precipitously in August now make sense. Here in the Midwest, we’re just starting to notice cooler weather. Canadian geese will be flying south soon, and the first dabs of color will soon appear on the leaves of the trees.
Mythologically, the Sun King/Oak King is dismembered, eaten, and/or interred, following his sacrifice at First Fruits/Mid-Summer. The Goddess laments the loss of her Consort and descends to the Underworld in search of him. The death, eating, and lamentation motifs correspond to the harvest time, as well as the triumph of darkness over light manifest in the equinox.
So, we need to find a name that corresponds to the season, the myth, or ideally both. If we’re going to use a Welsh name, then “Llew” would be a better choice than “Mabon”. According to Mike Nichols, the autumn equinox is the day when, in the Mabonogion, the character of Goronwy, symbolizing the darkness, defeats the hero Llew, symbolizing the light, signaling the beginning of winter and the shortening of days. (Nichols’ essay, “The Death of Llew: A Seasonal Interpretation”, is great and, if you haven’t read you should check it out.)
The only problem with “Llew” as a name for the season is that the myth is just as obscure as “Mabon”. If we are going to pick a dying god to name the day after, Osiris would be a choice that would be more familiar to Neo-Pagans. Even Baal, Adonis, and Tammuz would all probably be more familiar to Neo-Pagans than Llew or Mabon.
Or we could go with an Anglo-Saxon name, which would be consistent with the use of other Anglo-Saxon names for the other Quarter Days. In that case, an appropriate name for the day might be “Herfest”, which is the Anglo-Saxon name for “autumn” and a cognate with “harvest”. I’ve seen some Pagans using this name already. If we’re going with harvest themes, another good name is “Ingathering” or “Cornucopia”, both of which I have seen used by Pagans. Probably the most popular alternative for “Mabon” I have seen is “Harvest Home”. I like it best. The name has nice alliteration. Both “harvest” and “home-coming” are appropriate for the season. And it is an appropriate appellation for the NeoPagan version of Thanksgiving.
So, my vote is for “Herfest” or “Harvest Home”. What do you think? What other names do you like?
Harvest Home connotes a really creepy movie, actually..1978.. that one’s wrecked for me..
In the Druid tradition that I know, it’s called Alban Elfed or Elued, meaning “light of the water” which I think is quite nice. It evokes images of the sun setting over the sea. But it still doesn’t necessarily connect with the season all that much.
To be honest, I don’t use “Pagan” names for the astronomical festivals, I just call them what they are: Winter Solstice, Vernal Equinox, Summer Solstice, Autumnal Equinox. That suits me just fine.
Interesting thoughts. My tradition is primarily familial, so this is actually one holiday we don’t really observe. We note it as being an equinox, but not much else.
Holydays we celebrate: February 1 (Early Spring); June Solstice (Longest Day); October 31 (Last Harvest); December Solstice (Longest Night).
My family is from the Adirondack Region/Upstate Region of New York State. Currently being in Central TX these last 3 years has really screwed me up.
I just came across this article and couldn’t agree more! We, as modern Pagans are often seeking connections to our past. Words are keys to so many doors, most especially to the past. For myself I have found deeper connections to the sabbats in researching the names historically used for the rites we now honor. Within my community circle we most often focus our Fall Equinox celebrations around Demeter and Persphone’s Descent. Not finding a specifically Greek named celebration for the equinox itself and also having connections to my Italian heritage, I have gone with Autumno for the Sabbat; but I must say I love the Herffest suggestion. Great article, thank you!
I respectfully disagree. I always liked Harvest Home or Witch’s Thanksgiving, but identify with the word Mabon. I don’t care if it’s new or old, there is magic in it.
Lughnasadh & Mabon are great names for a Sabbat. Each of these Sabbats are named for God’s. Lughnasadh the Celtic God Lugh & Mabon after the Celtic/ Welsh God Mabon. Just like the Ostara Sabbat is named after the Goddess Easter.
That begs the questions: Why name them after gods? And why on these days? Imagine midsummer being called Osiris or the spring equinox Freya. Why? It’s random.